Prostatitis in men: causes, symptoms, treatment

Many people are interested in what Prostatitis is. To understand this notion of an inflammatory injury to the prostate, which is common in men 35 years and


If not immediately, the treatment of the pathology, high probability of complications in the sexual and reproductive area.

The nature of the pathology

This term refers to a inflammation of the prostate understand. It is a common urological injury. According to the statistics, it is the men occurs at 50% after 50 years.

The prostate is a glandular-muscular Organ that is localized to the urinary tract tube. She is responsible for the synthesis of secretions, the seminal fluid and to support the activity of the sperm is normal. This protects you from the harmful effects of external factors.

Prostatitis is acute or chronic. In the first case, to the; authority the harmful bacteria – Proteus, E. coli, Klebsiella and other microorganisms move. The infection occurs through the urethra, the flow of the blood or the lymph.


There are quite a few factors that cause the development of inflammation. The main causes of Prostatitis include:

Causes of Prostatitis
  1. Disorders of blood circulation. This causes an increase in the size of the prostate. The cause of the problem is a noticeable lack of movement and obesity;
  2. Infectious diseases. The infection is often due to Urethritis or gonorrhea. In rare cases, aggravating factors, flu, tonsillitis, tuberculosis occur;
  3. Bacterial Inflammation. The cause of the problems, the penetration of the infection into the prostate. is This can be done by the blood stream, the lymph, or during the sexual contacts. The cause of the problem bacteria, the cave on the surface of the human body or in the stomach can be;
  4. Traumatic injuries of the pelvic organs. The cause is often the violation of blood flow occurs in this area. Therefore, Prostatitis often develops on the drivers, who are exposed to vibrations;
  5. Hypothermia and low physical activity. Triggering factor of chronic diseases of the genitourinary system, hormonal disorders, Mangold a lack of systematic sexual contact can act. The cause may be retention of urine;
  6. A lack of exercise. Insufficient physical activity homeopathic a negative effect on the function of the endocrine organs, of the heart and blood vessels, nervous system. This process is accompanied by disorders of blood circulation in the pelvic organs. In the case of hypoxia of the substances zhelezi, the conditions for active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. These factors cause the development of Prostatitis;
  7. Inflammatory lesion in direct intestine or the urethra. This violation provokes a secondary infection of the prostate. It will be ascending or descending can;
  8. Chronic Constipation. The constant violations of the chair can lead to inflammatory changes in the body.

Among the most important reasons of the disease, urologic infections, and a number of sex diseases. In this category, Urethritis, gonorrhea (gonorrhea) include. Difficult pain can be factors, also such disorders as chronic Bronchitis, caries, neck.

Types of Prostatitis

Types of Prostatitis

The symptoms of Prostatitis are directly dependent on its variants. Doctors distinguish a number of varieties of the disease, each characterized by certain features.


This Form of the disease is usually diagnosed in the 21-43 years. In this case, the most important signs of inflammation of the prostate gland are a significant increase in the temperature can rise up to 40 degrees. Also for people with General weakness, chills, violation of urination occurs urge.

Patients often suffer impaired erection, pain in the perineum, purulent and bloody in the urine. The chronic Form of the disease has milder symptoms. But in the case of relapse of the disease symptoms of Prostatitis increased.


Among the most important manifestations of the disease pain in the pelvic area, the sacrum and of the perineum. The discomfort increases when the motor activity of the body. Also, the disease indicated is a violation of urination, blood in the urine, increased irritability, weakening of erection.


For this Form of the disease is characteristic for a chronic course. The disease develops at infringement of blood circulation in the pelvic organs. The cause may be a Stagnation of secretions in the prostate. It usually occurs when there is no sexual contacts.

For this Form of the disease is marked by problems in the water. Also the man is experiencing discomfort in the testicles and the groin area. With him, the temperature can increase, erection, disturbed, develops a Depression.


the chronic Form

This term refers to a type of acute bacterial Form of the disease understand. For purulent Prostatitis is characterised by a significant increase in the temperature up to 40 degrees. Also in humans purulent impurities observed in the urine, urinating, disturbed, caused marked pain in the Perineum and groin area.


Symptoms of inflammation of the prostate depends on the stage of the pathology:

  1. Catarrhal. In this case, in humans, symptoms rushed the urge to urinate. Also, the pain occurs during emptying of the bladder. The Patient experiences uneasiness in the perineum and sacrum.
  2. Is follicular. Pain syndrome acquires more apparent, sometimes in the area of the anus grow and remains during emptying of the intestine. This Phase of the disease due to a violation of urination. The man, the urine flows in a thin stream. Sometimes there is a delay of urine, a little elevated temperature.
  3. Parenchymal. For you symptoms of intoxication are, a substantial increase of temperature to 38-40 degrees, a state of fever. A Person has observed problems with urination, and acute pain in the Perineum. Often defecation disturbed.

If not timely pathology, treated there is a chronic Prostatitis. For him, the clinical picture is blurred. In rare cases, the average temperature increases, to low-grade values.

the symptoms of Prostatitis

Often is a consequence of the pathology of the chronic inflammation associated with infection specific infection. It may be, gonorrhea, Ureaplasma, Trichomonas. In this case, a Person may be present, are small discharge from the urethra, pain in the area of the dam, increase in complaints to the water expressed can.

The chronic Form can tube by a burning sensation in the perineum and the urine. In the case of humans, there is excessive fatigue, sexual dysfunction, dysuria. In case of problems with the potency of a man faced with mental depression, increased anxiety, irritability.

Pain syndrome

The prostate contains no pain receptors. Triggering factor of the complaints, the involvement in the abnormal process of the nerve fibers. In people with a chronic disease is pain of varying severity from weak to very intense.

Pain syndrome changes its intensity in the case of sexual abstinence, ejaculation, or increased sexual activity. Complaints are sacred Zone, perineum and scrotum. Sometimes it feels even in the area of the loin.

Dysuric Syndrome

Inflammation provokes the increase in the size of the prostate, leading to a feeling of pressure ureter. The Lumen is smaller. In humans frequently occurs, with water. There was also a feeling of incomplete emptying of the organ.

Typically dizuriceskie disorders phase of the disease manifest themselves in the beginning. Thereafter, a compensatory hypertrophy of the muscles of the urinary bladder and of the ureter occurs. In this time signs of dysuria reduced. In the case of decompensation of the mechanisms referred to are on the rise again.



In order to identify the inflammation of the prostate, you need to see a urologist. The clinical picture of the pathology of the disease can be defined and also the stage of its development. Inflammation and enlargement of the prostate can be visualized with the aid of ultrasound.

Among the most important diagnostic procedure is the following:

  • Palpation of the prostate Manipulation leads urologist;
  • Various studies of the urine – in General, cytological, bacteriological;
  • The microscopic examination of the seminal fluid;
  • Smear from the urethra – analysis of the secretion is carried out for the evaluation of the composition of the micro flora;
  • Analysis of the DOG – to rate during the Manipulation is a specific Protein of the prostate.

In most cases these manipulations are completely adequate. If it is carried out difficulties with the diagnosis of urodynamic investigation. For this man to the hospital.

In rarer cases, Cytoscape is. This procedure applies not only for diagnostic purposes. It will be healing. Manipulation provides an internal examination of the urinary bladder and urethra. If there is no damage, no need to perform the procedure.



Methods of treatment of Prostatitis selected, taking into account the shape and the characteristics of the durchflieens of the disease. Acute Prostatitis accompanied by severe poisoning, feverish condition, to the injury of health.

In this case, the Patient requires immediate hospitalization. He shows the introduction of antibiotics intravenously. In the case of other forms of Prostatitis, the need for such therapy are lacking.

Drug Therapy

In the case of the bacterial Form of the pathology, the use of antibacterial drugs recommended. If the cause of the disease bacteria, the use of such resources is not the desired results.

Antibiotics for the treatment of nearly all acute infections. To select drugs for the acute Form of the disease, taking into account the data of diagnostic studies. The physician defines a certain type of micro-organism that provokes pathology, and the degree of their sensitivity to drugs.

How to deal with a persistent pain in the pelvis and perineum, shows the use of muscle relaxants and Alpha-blockers. With the help of antispasmodics and Alpha blockers relax the muscles of the affected organ and the urinary bladder. This facilitates the excretion of urine and in dealing with the symptoms of the disease.

For the elimination of the protective tension of the muscle tissue, the elimination of sdavlennosti inflamed prostate and reducing the pain the doctor may prescribe muscle-relaxing drugs.

Administration of drugs

In difficult situations, it is not without the introduction of fluids intravenously, and the use of diuretics can. Thanks to this therapy, the excretion of urine, which helps to avoid the poisoning of the organism stimulate. This treatment prevents the emergence of an ascending infection in the bladder.

For the elimination of the symptoms of non-bacterial forms of the disease, prescription of analgesics, antipyretic drugs, anticholinergics. In the case of chronic constipation, you need to maker the use of soft laxative. An effective medium is mineral oil.

Also in the treatment of the main symptoms of acute bacterial pathology, it is important that a course of therapy is complete. If you stop the therapy early, the high probability of the simultaneity of the process. Then prescribed maintenance treatments.

In some cases, with the development of the pathology, a special diet must comply with. It consists in the elimination of the acute and fatty foods. Caffeine can also have. Are prohibited and acidic drinks.

The condition of the men positive homeopath, the systematic ejaculation and. It is a prostate Drainage mystery. In the case of acute injury to water temporary suprapubic fistula can. Also, at regular intervals, catheterization can be performed.

Surgical Procedures

Surgery is recommended if there is no impact on the application of medicines. Also, the indication for the surgical treatment of Prostatitis is the obstruction of the outflow of urine prostate. It is important to note that the young patients do not appoint this method, because it can be the cause of the infertility.


There are different types of surgery:

  1. TRANS-urethral resection of the body – it includes the removal of all affected tissue;
  2. Prostatectomy – procedure consists in the removal of the prostate and the adjacent tissues. In the course of the Manipulation, cutting, and seminal vesicles. It is a rather complicated intervention, which can often cause provokes impotence and urinary incontinence.


To not start if in time with the therapy, there is a risk of dangerous consequences for the health. Especially Prostatitis dangerous for the development of abscess. In the formation of purulent lesions of the prostate, the temperature increases sharply. Heat gives way to the symptoms of fever.

Sharp pain in the perineum leads to disorders of urination and defecation. The increase in the swelling of the prostate leads to severe problems with the water.

In rarer cases, there is an independent autopsy, abscess, according to which your content passes into the intestine or the urethra.

The spread of infectious pathogens in the chronic Form of the disease, the development of cystitis and Pyelonephritis provokes. Among the frequent consequences of the pathology of the inflammatory lesion of the testicle and its adnexa. There is also the risk of vezikulita, the bubbles is an inflammation of the seeds. As a result of these processes, there is often damage to the reproductive organs.



In order to prevent the emergence of inflammation or re-occurrence of chronic pathology, such recommendations are to be followed:

  • You reduce the amount of the consumed alcohol;
  • To drive systematic Sport;
  • Avoid Hypothermia;
  • To Smoking without;
  • To avoid stressful situations;
  • To treat time infection – this is especially true for infections of the genital organs;
  • Take Showers Alternating;
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects;
  • Use barrier methods of contraception;
  • Systematically Sex;
  • You Can Take Vitamin Supplements;
  • Strengthening of the immunity involved;
  • Twice a year to visit a urologist;
  • Right and balanced food.